Basic Knowledge

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General Orders:

1. To take charge of this post and all government property in view.

2. To walk my post in a military manner keeping always on the alert and observing everything within sight and hearing.

3. To report all violations of orders I am instructed to enforce.

4. To repeat all calls from posts more distant from the guardhouse than my own.

5. To quit my post only when properly relieved.

6. To receive, obey and pass on to the sentry who relieves me all orders from the commanding officer, officer of the day, and officers and non-commissioned officers of the guard only.

7. To talk to no one except for in the line of duty.

8. To give the alarm in case of fire or disorder.

9. To call the corporal of the guard in any case not covered by instructions.

10. To salute all officers and all colors and standards not cased.

11. To be especially watchful at night, and during the time for challenging, to challenge all persons on or near my post and to allow no one to pass without proper authority.


Marine Corps Facts (Most Basic):

  • Marine Corps Birthday - November 10, 1775

  • Birthplace of Marines - Tun Tavern, Philadelphia PA

  • First Commandant of Marines - Captain Samuel Nicholas

  • Marine Corps Motto - Semper Fidelis

  • Motto Meaning - Latin for "Always Faithful"

  • Marine Nicknames -

    • Leathernecks - Given for leather stock worn by early Marines for 100 years

    • Devil Dogs - Given by the Germans in World War I at the Battle of Bellaeu Woods

    • Soldiers of the Sea - Taken from our sea-going amphibious nature

  • First Marine Recruiter - Captain Robert Mullin

  • Grand Old Man of the Marine Corps - Archibald Henderson, who served as Commandant for 39 years

  • First SgtMaj of the Marine Corps - SgtMaj Wilbur Bestwick

  • First SgtMaj in the Marine Corps - SgtMaj Archibald Sommers

  • Marine Corps Mascot - English Bulldog named Chesty

  • Marine Corps Mascot name origin - General Lewis "Chesty" Puller

  • General Lewis "Chesty" Puller - Only Marine to receive five Navy Crosses for gallantry.

  • Marine Corps Emblem -

    • Eagle - Represents our nation

    • Globe - Represents worldwide service of Marines

    • Anchor - Represents Naval traditions

  • Marine Corps Colors - Scarlet and Gold

  • First Marine Aviator - Major A.A. Cunningham

  • First Woman Marine - Opha Mae Johnson

  • Mameluke Sword - Marine Officers' sword. Oldest weapon still in use today. Presented to Lieutenant Presley O'Bannon for bravery in Tripoli

Leadership Traits (JJ DID TIE BUCKLE):

  • Judgment - The ability to weigh facts and possible solutions on which to base sound decisions.
  • Justice - Giving reward and punishment according to merits of the case in question. The ability to administer a system of rewards and punishments impartially and consistently.
  • Dependability - The certainty of proper performance of duty. 
  • Initiative - Taking action in the absence of orders.
  • Decisiveness - Ability to make decisions promptly and to announce them in clear, forceful manner.
  • Tact - The ability to deal with others without creating offense.
  • Integrity - Uprightness of character and soundness of moral principles; includes the qualities of truthfulness and honesty.
  • Endurance - The mental and physical stamina measured by the ability to withstand pain, fatigue, stress and hardship.
  • Bearing - Creating a favorable impression in carriage, appearance and personal conduct at all times.
  • Unselfishness - Avoidance of providing for one's own comfort and personal advancement at the expense of others.
  • Courage - The mental quality that recognizes fear of danger or criticism, but enables a man to proceed in the face of it with calmness and firmness.
  • Knowledge - Understanding of a science or an art. The range of one's information, including professional knowledge and an understanding of your Marines.
  • Loyalty - The quality of faithfulness to country, the Corps, the unit, to one's seniors, subordinates and peers.
  • Enthusiasm - The display of sincere interest and exuberance in the performance of duty.

Leadership Principles (K K B METS KIDS):

Know yourself and seek self-improvement.

Know your subordinates.

Be technically and tactically proficient.

Make sound and timely decisions.

Employ your command in accordance with its abilities.

Train your subordinates as a team.

Set the example.

Keep your subordinates informed.

Insure the task is understood, supervised, and accomplished.

Develop a sense of responsibility among your subordinates.

Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions.

Leadership Styles: 

Authoritarian - The authoritarian leadership style when subordinates are told what is to be done and how it is to be done without the leader consulting others for advice or ideas. 

Participative - The participative leadership style involves the ideas and advice of others. Subordinates are involved in the determination of a plan of action.

Delegative -  The delegative style of leadership involves assigning a specific task to a specific individual. In this style of leadership, decision-making authority is delegated to a subordinate. The responsibility for the actions and outcomes as a result of this delegation falls on the leader who assigned the task.

Marine Corps Hymn:

From the Halls of Montezuma
To the Shores of Tripoli;
We fight our country's battles
In the air, on land and sea;
First to fight for right and freedom 
And to keep our honor clean; 
We are proud to claim the title 
of United States Marine. 

Our flag's unfurled to every breeze
From dawn to setting sun;
We have fought in ev'ry clime and place 

Where we could take a gun;
In the snow of far-off Northern lands
And in sunny tropic scenes; 
You will find us always on the job--
The United States Marines.

Here's health to you and to our Corps
Which we are proud to serve 
In many a strife we've fought for life 
And never lost our nerve;
If the Army and the Navy
Ever look on Heaven's scenes; 
They will find the streets are guarded 
By United States Marines.  

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